Picking the right size of wire for your lights and plugs is essential. You can make many everyday choices, like the 14/2 and 12/2 wires.
Your choice depends on what you want to use the wire for and how much electricity it needs.
Knowing about these wires’ features and what they can handle will help you decide which one is best for your house. It depends on a few essential things.
The main things that make 14/2 and 12/2 wires different are their thickness, cost, and the maximum amount of electricity they can handle.
14/2 vs. 12/2 Wires: A Quick Overview
|Aspect||14/2 Wire||12/2 Wire|
|Versatility||Works with 15-amp circuits only, Limited use with powerful appliances, Fewer outlets on a course (8 on 15-amp), Limited versatility||Works with 15 and 20-amp circuits safely, Suitable for powerful appliances on 20-amp circuits, More outlets on a course (up to 10 on 20-amp), and Enhanced versatility.|
|Pricing||Generally less expensive, Lower cost option||Generally more costly, Cost-effective choice for powerful appliances|
|Durability||Thicker, more durable, Suitable for outdoor use||Thinner, more susceptible to wear and tear, Better for indoor use|
|Building Code||It may not meet the code for bathrooms and kitchens; compliance may require upgrades in specific areas.||Complies with kitchen and bathroom code standard areas needing 20-amp circuits must use 12/2|
|Electricity Conductivity and Current Loss||Not as efficient in conducting electricity, May experience more current loss||Offers better, consistent conductivity, Less likely to experience current loss|
What is a 14/2 wire?
This cable is called 14/2 because it has 14-gauge wires inside. There are three types of lines in it. The first black wire carries electricity to the light switch from the breaker panel.
The second wire is white and has electricity but manages extra electricity and sends it back to the breaker panel.
Green or bare copper makes up the third wire. It links to the ground to keep things secure; using it instead of the white wire is not recommended because it could cause an electric shock.
The 14/2 wire usually misses the third (green) wire, which is okay for certain things. It’s good for lights and outlets that use less electricity.
Remember, the 14-gauge wire is unsafe for things that need a lot of electricity, like 20-amp circuits. These require at least 12-gauge wire. The 14/2 wire is standard for lights and sometimes outlets. It’s safe for lights on 15-amp circuits.
Using 14/2 on a 20-amp circuit is dangerous and against the law. It can cause problems like overheating and even fires. To know your circuit’s strength, check the breaker box. Find the breaker for the outlet. The breaker should have the amperage information on it.
What is a 12/2 wire?
A 14-2 wire is a type of wire that can carry electricity. It can handle up to 15 amps of electrical power and has two wires inside. This wire powers items such as lights and other electrical devices.
But, it would help if you were careful not to use too much power – it should be less than 80% of what it can handle, around 1500 watts.
This 14-2 wire has three smaller wires inside its protective covering. One is black, one is white, and one is green or copper. These wires ensure safety and proper connections. This kind of wire comes on spools, like a roll of thread, and it’s widespread for homes.
Remember, the 14-2 wire suits circuits up to 15 amps. It’s not safe or allowed to use this wire on a course with 20 amps. Using the right size wire is super important to keep things safe.
A guide called the National Electrical Code helps people know how to wire things safely. It doesn’t say how long the wire can be, but it’s a good idea to use a slightly bigger wire if the distance is long.
For example, if you’re using a 120-volt circuit, you can use up to 50 feet of this 14-gauge wire with 15 amps without losing too much power.
Differences between 14/2 wires and 12/2 wires
We’ve talked about the key differences between these two-wire models. Now, let’s focus on the most important ones and point out the important things to remember when you’re choosing.
This is a really important factor to consider when picking wires for your home, especially if you have lots of strong appliances, outlets, and lights.
With a 14-gauge wire, you can only safely use it with 15-amp circuits. But if you go with a 12-gauge wire, you can use it for both 15 and 20-amp circuits without worrying about overheating or starting an electrical fire.
What’s cool is that a 20-amp circuit can handle up to ten outlets on one circuit, while a 15-amp circuit can only handle eight.
If you add a 20-amp circuit, you can also add another outlet, making your system even more versatile and handy.
As long as you use 12-gauge wiring and put all your heavy-duty appliances on the 20-amp circuit, you should have enough power for everything, including things like your powerful vacuum, fancy heater, or big power tools.
On the other hand, a 15-amp circuit might struggle with these strong appliances and could cause problems in your wiring. So, choosing the right wire and circuit is super important for your home’s safety and convenience.
You might have guessed that better quality and longer-lasting wires usually cost more money, and a 12/2 wire is no different.
While 12-gauge wires are a bit pricier, when you think about all the important things, you’ll see it’s a smart choice, especially if you plan to use strong appliances with a 20-amp circuit.
But here’s the thing, if your home has basic lighting, 15-amp circuits, and not many heavy-duty appliances, you probably don’t need to spend extra on upgrading from 14/2 wiring.
The 14/2 wires are thicker and tougher, so they work well for outdoor use. They can handle tough conditions like moisture, heat, and rough treatment without any problems.
On the flip side, the 12/2 wires are thinner, so they’re not as tough. They can wear out more easily when exposed to rough conditions.
The rules say that all bathroom and kitchen outlets must be on a 20-amp circuit. So, for these places, you should use the 12/2 wiring to follow the rules.
But don’t forget, you can mix and match wires in your house based on what you need. You’re not stuck with just one type everywhere.
Electricity conductivity and current loss
As we talked about earlier, the 12/2 wire is really good at conducting electricity. It gives you a safer, steady, and dependable connection.
Plus, if you use 12/2, you won’t lose much power as it flows from your service panel to the lights and appliances in your home. The 14/2 wire doesn’t do as well in this department.
14/2 vs 12/2: Are they the same?
Installing both of these wiring types is pretty similar, and you can use them together in your home. But they’re not the same for a few important reasons.
The 14-gauge wires can only handle 15-amp circuits, so they’re not as versatile. They’re also not as tough as the 14/2 wires, but they’re more budget-friendly.
Now, the 12-gauge wires are super strong and can even be used outside. You can use them with both 15- and 20-amp circuits, and they can handle up to ten outlets without overheating, which can be a problem with the 14/2 wires.
The main differences between 14/2 and 12/2 wires are their thickness and how much electricity they can handle. The 12/2 wire is thicker and allows electricity to flow more easily.
It’s essential to keep the 14/2 wire from carrying more amps than it can handle. If you do, it could hurt you and your home. Before you try to do any electrical wiring in your home, ensure you know the basics of wiring and how to do it correctly.